All Gems

Description of Paradise / Jannah (Surah Ghashiyah 88: 10-16)

  • Abu Ezra

Ayah 10:

فِي جَنَّةٍ عَالِيَةٍ

Fee jannatin AAaliyah
In high gardens,

Why are high places so good? Humans want to have a high viewpointfrom which they can see everything below them. The higher up you are – the better the view.
The garden on top of a hill – the most beautiful part.
The people of hell would be thrown down, and the people of Paradise will be in high gardens.
Just like the disbelievers were being punished in fire, then fed harmful food, then forced to drink boiling water… Torture upon torture upon torture.
The believers on the other hand will have pleasure upon pleasure, upon pleasure.

When you’re buying a property – you buy the highest one. Since it is lesser at risk of being damaged by floods etc. And in the property markets – the highest properties usually have a higher value due to the good views you can see of the scenery around you.

Ayah 11:

لَّا تَسْمَعُ فِيهَا لَاغِيَةً

Laa tasmaAAu feeha laghiya
Wherein you will hear no unsuitable speech.

No bad talk in Jannah (Gardens of Paradise). Since evil and bad speech always hurts someone, even if you are in the best of places.
How many people live in beautiful houses but their marriage life is bad, so they say bad words to each other, and the wife and children are crying? Or the children are grown up and they shout at their parents? They have sad lives even though they live in beautiful houses.
So a gift in Paradise is that you hear no bad speech.
You want to move to a neighbourhood where there is peace, calmness, no bad swearing neighbours.


Ayah 12:

فِيهَا عَيْنٌ جَارِيَةٌ

Feehaa AAaynunjariya
Within it is a flowing spring.

ayn – water springs.

– flowing.

So you are on a high garden, with water springs flowing. = This means you are on top of a waterfall!
Compare this to the people scorched in flames, they are being forced to drink boiling water.
The people of Paradise/Jannah are living on high gardens, with beautiful scenery, on top of a spring waterfall with alot of cool water flowing – always.
The most expensive hotels in the world today have swimming pools, water fountains and simulated waterfalls to make the scene seem exciting and alive. People are fascinated by them all over the world and everyone wants one.

The Qur’an was revealed over 1400years ago, and still – people have interests and incline to the same things.

Ayah 13:

فِيهَا سُرُرٌ مَّرْفُوعَةٌ

Feeha sururun marfooAAah

Within itare couchesraised high

So the sitter can sit back and see everything he owns.
Thegarden you live in is high, with an amazing view, with a higher seat to see that view, of everything that you own, the results of your efforts of working hard in this life.
In this life, when you beautify your house – you spend so long on keeping it clean and tidy – that you can’t enjoy it. This isn’t the case in Jannah (Gardens of Paradise). Everything is done for you.

Ayah 14:
مَّوْضُوعَةٌ أَكْوَابٌ وَ

Wa akwaabunmawDooAAah
And drinking-cups ready placed,

koowb or kawb is a cup in arabic that is big, it does not have a handle, it is thin/slender from the middle neck and wide from the top. So it’s similar to champagne glasses nowadays. These glasses would have a history of holding exotic drinks.
They have already been placed. In other words – your dining table has already been set for you.

(from WaD‘ = to place down) – lowered. A servant lowers the glass and puts it down infront of you. tuDa’ (verb form) could be mentioned to meanthe glass will be placed down once. But mawDoo‘ah implies that when you drink from it, another drink is placed. And when you drink from that, another is placed… Continuouslythey are placed for you to drink from.  (This even happens in expensive restaurants today, except it all gets charged at the end, and you have to pay an expensive bill. Whereas everything in Jannah is free because of your efforts to please Allah, so He rewards you with an endless reward.)

Ayah 15:
وَنَمَارِقُ مَصْفُوفَةٌ

Wa namaariqu ma
And cushions set in rows,

Namariq – small pillow (according to Lisab al ‘Arab dictionary).So that small pillow you might put on your high couch/bed to feel even more comfortable.
MaSfoofahrows upon rows upon rows of pillows. Alot of pillows. Everywhere you look, you’re finding relaxation.

Ayah 16:

مَبْثُوثَةٌ زَرَابِيُّ وَ

Wa zaraabiyyu mabthootha
And rich carpets (all) spread out.

– expensive, elegant rugs.

Al Farra’ says: – expensive rugs made of delicate fibres [i.e. velvet etc.].
Even nowadays – exotic rugs are an expensive market which people – who have mansions – buy for their living rooms.

spread as far as the eye can see. Cushions and rugs, as far as you can see in your big living room.

Allah is giving people what people look for even till this Day and throughout human history;

A high garden
, with a spring waterfall, a nice home, with expensive glasses of the best drinks, and relaxation of the best beds, cushions and carpets.Everything you’ve ever wanted.

[Extract from tafseer surah Ghashiyah – explanation given by Nouman Ali Khan.]

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